Great Britain - The Second Industrial Revolution (after World War II)

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Since World War II there have been major structural changes in the British economy. The final of the Empire, a loosening of the ties with the and Britain's gradual move into have all contributed to these changes. The once flourishing seaports of , , Bristol and London have lost their importance for trade, the docks and lying empty and idle. The traditional industries of the North and the are in decline; coalmines gave been closed and factories abandoned. Unemployment is rife in the former industrial and the move to the South of thousands seeking in the new high-tech, electronic industries or in the expanding service industries has caused what was called in the eighties a North-South . The dividing line was one from the Severn to the Wash with a "sunbelt triangle" in the south pushing out to Bristol from Cambridge in the north and down to Southampton in the . The industries of the have spread out along the motorway connecting London with South (the M4 corridor) and this is the scene of the Second Industrial Revolution. The use of new materials, and have made this possible in areas where the for a traditional industrial revolution did not exist. It remains to be seen if this new revolution will spread back to the depressed areas or open up new areas of development to lift Britain out of the economic it has been in since the Second World War and restore it to a position of importance.
See Glasgow: Glasgow Liverpool: Liverpool Industrial Revolution: The Age of Industrialization