Modern Britain - The First Industrial Revolution - Canal 1 - 2 - 3

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The term Industrial Revolution is commonly used for the period between and 1830, a time of great development and invention. Increased brought Britain both opportunities and miseries it had not known before. The North and the Midlands with their resources of , which in turn fuelled the iron and industries, and with their great delivering raw materials from the became the manufacturing centre of Britain and, for a while, "the workshop of the world." were built to make the production of cotton textiles more efficient and there was a massive increase in in the textile towns of Lancashire and Yorkshire, as well as in the areas around Birmingham and Glasgow. workers and farmers to the cities which rapidly within a few .
This of the British economy necessitated radical changes in the system of transport, too, and new , such as the steam , made great improvements possible. The building of a system speeded up the exchange of enormously, as did macadamized and the construction of a complex network of .
Britain was the country to change from an to an industrial economy. From employing about a of the labour force and generating the same proportion of the national income in 1801, agriculture's share to less than 10 per cent in 1901. Britain was the first nation, but by the 1870s there were signs that this position of would soon be challenged.

See online:
The Age of Industrialization
The Llangollen Canal